UPSC CSE IAS 2020 Prelims Question Paper -1 with ANSWER KEY

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Question NoSET C QuestionsAnswer
1What are the advantages of fertigation in agriculture?
1. Controlling the alkalinity of irrigation water is possible.
2. Efficient application of Rock Phosphate and all other phosphatic fertilizers is possible.
3. Increased availability of nutrients to plants is possible.
4. Reduction in the leaching of chemical nutrients is possible.
Select the correct answer using the code given below :
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 2, 3 and 4 only
D
2Consider the following minerals :
1. Bentonite
2. Chromite
3. Kyanite
4. Sillimanite
In India, which of the above is/are officially designated as major minerals?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 4 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2, 3 and 4 only
D
3With reference to Ocean Mean Temperature (OMT), which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. OMT is measured up to a depth of 26°PC isotherm which is 129 meters in the south-western Indian Ocean during January- March.
2. OMT collected during January – March can be used in assessing whether the amount of rainfall in monsoon will be less or more than a certain long-term mean.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a)1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor2
C
4With reference to chemical fertilizers in India, consider the following statements:
1 At present, the retail price of chemical fertilizerS is market-driven and not administered by the Government.
2 Ammonia, which is an input of urea, is produced from natural gas.
3. Sulphur, which is a raw material for a phosphoric acid fertilizer is a by-product of oil refineries.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(6) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1,2 and 3
B
5With reference to India’s Desert National Park, which of the following statements are correct?
1. It is spread over two districts.
2. There is no human habitation inside the Park.
3. It is one of the natural habitats of Great Indian Bustard.
Select the correct answer using the code given
below :
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and
C
6Siachen Glacier is situated to the
(a) East of Aksai Chin
(b) East of Leh
(c) North of Gilgit
(d) North of Nubra Valley
D
7With reference to the history of India,
consider the following pairs:
Famous Place —– Present State
1. Bhilsa —– Madhya Pradesh
2. Dwarasamudra —–Maharashtra
3. Girinagar —– Gujarat
4. Sthanesvara —– Uttar Pradesh
Which of the pairs given above are correctly
matched?
(a) 1 ánd 3 only
(b) 1 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 2 and 4 only
A
8Consider the following statements :
1 36% of India’s districts are classified as
“overexploited” or critical” by the
Central Ground Water Authority
(CGWA).
2 CGWA was formed under the
Environment (Protection) Act.
3 India has the largest area under
groundwater irrigation in the world.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1 and 3 only
C
9Consider the following statements
1 Jet streams occur in the Northern
Hemisphere only.
2 Only some cyclones develop an eye. .
The temperature inside the eye of a
3 cyclone is nearly 10°C lesser than that
of the surroundings.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct ?
(a) 1 only.
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1 and 3 only
C
10Among the following Tiger Reserves, which
one has the largest area under “Critical Tiger
Habitat” ?
(a) Corbètt
(b) Ranthambore
(c) Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam
(d) Sunderbans
C
11If a particular plant species is placed under
Schedule VI of The Wildlife Protection Act,
1972, what is the implication ?
(a) A licence is required to cultivate that
plant.
(b) Such a plant cannot be cultivated under
any circumstances.
(c) It is a Genetically Modified crop plant.
(d) Such a plant is invasive and harmful to
the ecosystem.
B
12With reference to the period of Gupta dynasty
in ancient India, the towns Ghantasala,
Kadura and Chaul were well known as
(a) ports handling foreign trade
(b) capitals of powerful kingdoms
places of exquisit stone art and
architecture
(d) important Buddhist pilgrimage centres
A
13What is/are the advantage/advantages of
zero tillage in agriculture ?
1 Sowing of wheat is possible without
2 burning the residue of previous crop.
Without the need for nursery of rice
saplings, direct planting of paddy seeds
in the wetsoil is possible.
3 Carbon sequestration in the soil is
possible.
Select the correct answer using the code given
below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3only
(d)1,2 and 3
D
14According to India’s National Policy on
Biofuels, which of the following can be used as
raw materials for the production of biofuels?
1 Cassava
2 Damaged wheat grains
3 Groundnut seeds
4 Horse gram
5 Rotten potatoes.
6 Sugar beet
Select the correct answer using the code given
below :
(a) 1,2, 5 and 6 only
(b) 1,3, 4 and 6 only
(c) 2, 3, 4 and 5 only
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6
A
15Which one of the following statements best
describes the term Social Cost of Carbon’?
It is a measure, in monetary value, of the
(a) long-term damage done by a tonne of
CO2 emissions in a given year,
(b) requirement of fossil fuels for a country
to provide goods and services to its
citizens, based on the burning of those
fuels.
(c) efforts put in by a climate refugee to
adapt to live in a new place.
(d) contribution of an individual person to
the carbon footprint on the planet
Earth.
A
16With reference to pulse production in India,
consider the following statements
1 Black gram can be cultiväted as both
kharif and rabi crop
2 Green-gram alone accounts for nearly
half of pulse production.
3 In the last .three decades, while the
production of kharif pulses
increased, the production of rabi pulses
has decreased.

Which of the statements given above is/are
correct ?.
(a) 1 ornly
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1,2 and3
D
17“The erop is subtropical in nature. A hard
frost is injurious to it. It requires at least
210 frost-free days and 50 to 100 centimeters
of rainfall for its growth. A light well-drained
soil capable of retaining moisture is ideally
suited for the cultivation of the crop.” Which
one of the following isthat crop?
(a) Cotton
(b) Jute
(c) Sugarcane
(d) Tea
B
18With reference to solar water pumps, consider
the following statenments
1 Solar power can be used for running
surface pumps and not for submersible pumps.
2 Solar power can be used for running
centrifugal pumps and not the ones with
piston
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
B
19With reference to the current trends in the
cultivation of sugarcane in India, consider the
following statements
1 A substantial saving in seed material is
made when bud chip settlings’ are
raised in a nursery and transplanted in
the main field.
2 When direct planting of setts is done,
the germination percentage is better
with single-budded setts as compared to
setts with many buds.
3 If bad weather conditions prevail when
setts are directly planted, single-budded
setts have better survival as compared
to large setts.
4 Sugarcane can be cultivated using
settlings prepared from tissue culture.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3only
(c) 1 and 4 only
(d) 2,3 and 4 only
D
20In the context of India, which of the following
is/are considered to be practice(s) of
eco-friendly agriculture?
1 Crop diversification
2 Legume intensification
3 Tensiometer use
4 Vertical farming
Select the correct answer using the code given
below :
a) 1,2 and 3 only
(b) 3 only
(c) only
(d) 1,2, 3 and 4
D
21With reference to the cultural history of India, consider the following pairs:
1. Parivrajaka – Renunciant and Wanderer
2. Shramana – Priest with a high status
3. Upasaka – Lay follower of Buddhism
Which of the pairs given above are correctly
matched ?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(e) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3
B
22With reference to Indian elephants, consider
the following statements
1. The leader of an elephant group is a female.
2. The maximum gestation period can be 22 months.
3. An elephant can normally go on calving till the age of 40 years only.
4. Among the States in India, the highest elephant population is in Kerala.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 4 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1,3 and 4 only
A
23Which of the following Protected Areas are
located in Cauvery basin ?
1. Nagarhole National Park
2. Papikonda National Park
3. Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve
4. Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary
Select the correct answer using the code given
below :
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2,3 and 4
C
24With reference to India’s biodiversity, Ceylon frogmouth, Coppersmith barbet, Gray-chinned minivet and White-throated redstart are
(a) Birds
(b) Primates
(c) Reptiles
(d) Amphibians
A
25Which one of the following protected areas is well-known for the conservation of a sub-species of the Indian swamp deer (Barasingha) that thrives well on hard ground and is exclusively graminivorous?
(a) Kanha National Park
(b) Manas National Park
(c) Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary
(d) Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary
A
26Steel slag can be the material for which of the following?
1. Construction of base road
2. Improvement of agricultural soil
3. Production of cement
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
D
27Which of the following are the most likely places to find the musk deer in its natural habitat ?
1. Askot Wildlife Sanctuary
2. Gangotri National Park
3. Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary
4. Manas National Park
Select the correct answer using the code given below
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 and 4 only
(d).1 and 4 only
B
28In rural road construction, the use of which of the following is preferred for ensuring environmental sustainability. or to reduce
carbon footprint ?
1 Copper slag
2 Cold mix asphalt technology
3 Geotextiles
4 Hot mix asphalt technology
5 Portland cement
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1,2 and 3 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 4 and 5 only
d) 1 and 5 only
A
29Consider the following statements:
1 Coal ash contains arsenic, lead and mercury.
2 Coal-fired power plants relcase sulphur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen into the environment.
3 High ash content is observed in Indian coal.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
D
30What is the use of biochar in farming?
1 Biochar can be used as a part of the growing medium in vertical farming.
2 When biochar is a part of the growing medium, it promotes the growth of nitrogen-fixing microorganism.
3 When biochar is a part of the growing medium, it enables the growing medium to retain water for a longer time.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3
D
31In India, which of the following can be considered public investment in
agriculture ?
1 Fixing Minimum Support Price for agricultural produce of all crops
2 Computerization Agricultural Credit Societies of Primary
3 Social Capital development
4 Free electricity supply to farmers
5 Waiver of agricultural loans by the banking system
6 Setting up of cold storage facilities by the governments
Select.the correct answer using the code given
below:
(a) 1,2 and 5only
(b) 1,3, 4 and 5 only
(c) 2,3 and 6 only
(d) 1,2, 3, 4, 5 and 6
D
32What is the importance of the term “Interest Coverage Ratio” of a firm in India?
1. It helps in understanding the present risk of a firm that a bank is going to give loan to.
2.. It helps in evaluating the emerging risk of a firm that a bank is going to give loan to.
3. The higher a borrowing firm’s level of Interest Coverage Ratio, the worse is its ability to service its debt.
Select the correct answer using the code given
below
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3
B
33Which of the following factors/policies were affecting the price of rice in India in the recent past ?
1. Minimum Support Price
2 Government’s trading
3 Government’s stockpiling
4 Consumer subsidies
Select the correct answer using the code given
below
(a) 1, 2 and 4 only
(b) 1,3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1,2, 3 and 4
D
34Consider the following statements
1 The value of Indo-Sri Lanka trade has consistently increased in the last decade.
2 “Textile and textile articles” constitute an important item of trade between India and Bangladesh.
3 In the last five years, Nepal has been the largest trading partner of India in South Asia.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
B
35In which one of the following groups are all
the four countries members of G20?.
(a) Argentina, Mexico, South Africa and Turkey
(b) Australia, Canada, Malaysia and New Zealand
(c) Brazil, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Vietnam
(d) Indonesia, Japan, Singapore and South Korea
A
36Under the Kisan Credit Card scheme, short-term credit support is given to farmers for which of the following purposes?
1. Working capital for maintenance of farm assets
2 Purchase of combine harvesters, tractors and mini trucks
3 Consumption requirements of farm households
4 Post-harvest expenses
5 Construction of family house and setting up of village cold storage facility
Select the correct answer using the code, given below
(a) 1,2 and 5 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2,3,4 and 5 only
(d) 1,2, 3, 4 and 5
D
37Consider the following statements:
1 The weightage of food in Consumer Price Index (CPI) is higher than that in Wholesale Price Index (WPD.
2 The WPI does not capture changes in the prices of services, which CPI does.
3 Reserve Bank of India has now adopted WPI as its key measure of inflation and to decide on changing the key policy rates.
Which of the statements given above is/are Correct ?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
D
38Consider the following pairs:
River – Flows into
1 Mekong – Andaman Sea
2 Thames – Irish Sea
3 Volga – Caspian Sea
4 Zambezi – Indian Ocean
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2 and 4 only
B
39Consider the following statements
1 In the case of all cereals, pulses and oil-seeds, the procurement at Minimum Support Price (MSP) is unlimited in any State/UT of India.
2 In the case of cereals and pulses, the MSP is fixed in any State/UT at a level to which the market price will ‘never rise.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
D
40With reference to the Indian economy,
consider the following statements:
Commercial Paper is a short-term
unsecured promissory note.
1. Certificate of Deposit is a long-term instrument issued by the Reserve Bank of India to a corporation.
2. Call Money is short-term finance used for interbank transactions.
3. Zero-Coupon Bonds’ are the interest-bearing short-term bonds issued by the Scheduled Commercial Banks to corporations.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 4 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2,3 and 4 only
C
41With reference to Foreign Direct Investment in India, which one of the following is considered its major characteristic?
(a) It is the investment through capital instruments essentially in a listed company.
(b) It is a largely non-debt creating capital flow.
(c) It is the investment which involves debt-servicing.
(d) It is the investment made by foreign investors institutional in the
Governmnent securities.
B
42With reference to the international trade of India at present, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1 India’s merchandise exports are less than its merchandise imports.
2 India’s imports of iron and steel, chemicals, fertilisers and machinery have decreased in recent years.
3 India’s exports of services are more than its imports of services.
4 India suffers from an overall trade/current. account deficit.
Select the correct answer using the code given below
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 4 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 3 and 4 only
D
43The term sometimes found in news, refers to a grade of
West Texas Intermediate,
(a) Crude oil
(b) Bullion
(c) Rare earth elements
(d) Uranium
A
44In the context of the Indian economy, non-financial debt includes which of the following?
1 Housing loans owed by households
2 Amounts outstanding on credit eards
3 Treasury bills
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 3 only
d) 1,2 and 3
A
45In India, why are some nuclear reactors kept under “IAEA Safeguards” while others are not?
(a) Some use uranium and others use thorium
(b) Some use imported uranium and others use domestic supplies
(c) Some are operated by foreign enterprises and others are operated by domestic enterprises
Some are State-owned and others are privately-0wned
B
46With’ reference to Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMS), which of the following statements is/are correct?
1 Quantitative restrictions on imports by foreign investors are prohibited.
2. They apply to investment measures related to trade in both goods and services.
3 They are not concerned with the regulation of foreign investment.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1,2 and 3
C
47If the RBI decides to adopt an expansionist monetary policy, which of the following would it not do?
1 Cut and optimize the Statutory Liquidity Ratio
2 Increase the Marginal Standing Facility Rate
3 Cut the Bank Rate and Repo Rate
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3
B
48With reference to the Indian economy after the 1991 economic liberalization, consider the following statements
1 Worker productivity (Rs per worker at 2004-05 prices) increased in urban areas while it decreased in rural areas.
2 The percentage share of rural areas in the workforce steadily increased.
3 In rural areas, the growth in non-farm| economy increased.
4 The growth rate in rural employment decreased.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 and 4 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 4 only
B
49Consider the following statements:
1 In terms of short-term credit delivery to the agriculture sector, District Central Cooperative Banks (DCCBs) deliver more credit in comparison to Scheduled Commercial Banks and Regional Rural
Banks
2. One of the most important functions of DCCBs is to provide funds to the Primary Agricultural Credit Societies.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c)Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
C
50India, under cyber insurance for individuals, which of the following benefits In are generally covered, in addition to payment for the loss of funds and other benefits ?
1 Cost of restoration of the computer system in case of malware disrupting access to one’s computer
2 Cost of a new.computer if some miscreant wilfully damages it, if proved so
3 Cost of hiring a specialized consultant to minimize the loss in case of cyber extortion
4 Cost of defence in the Court of Law if any third party files a suit
Select the correct answer using the code given below
(a) 1,2 and 4 only
(b) 1,3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1,2,3 and 4
A
51With reference to carbon nanotubes, consider the following statements
1 They can be used as carriers of drugs
and antigens in the human body.
2 They can be made into artificial blood
capillaries for an injured part of human
body.
3 They can be used in biochemical
sensors.
4 Carbon nanotubes are biodegradable.
Which of the statements given above are
correct ?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2,3 and 4 only
(c) 1,3 and 4 only
(d) 1,, 3 and 4
D
52Consider the following activities:
1 Spraying pesticides on a crop field
Inspecting the craters of active
volcanoes
2 Collecting breath samples from spouting
whales for DNA analysis
At the present level of technology, which of
the above activities can be successfully carried
out by using drones?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3
D
53The experiment will employ a trio of
spacecraft flying in formation in the shape öf
an equilateral triangle that has sides one
million kilometres long, with lasers shining
between the craft.” The experiment in
question refers to
(a) Voyager-2
(b) New Horizons
(c) LISA Pathfinder
(d) Evolved LISA
C
54Consider the following statements:
1 Genetic changes can be introduced in
the cells that produce eggs or sperms of a prospective parent.
2 A person’s genome can be edited before
birth at the early embryonic stage.
3 Human induced pluripotent stem cells
can be injected into the embryo of a pig.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a)1only
(b) 2 and 3 only.
(c) 2 only
(d) 1,2 and 3
A
55What is the importance of using
Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines in India?
1 These vaccines are effective against
pneumonia as well as meningitis and
sepsis.
2 Dependence on antibiotics that are not
effective against drug-resistant bacteria
can be reduced.
3 These vaccines have no side effects and
cause no allergic reactions.
Select the correct answer using the code given
below
(a) 1 only
(b) l and 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
D
56In India, the term “Public KeyInfrastructure”
is used in the context of
(a) Digital security infrastructure
(b) Food security infrastructure
(c) Health care and education infrastructureA
(d) Telecommunication and transportation
infrastructure
A
57Which of the following statements are correct
regarding the general difference between
plant and animal cells?
1. Plant cells have cellulose cell walls
whilst animal cells do not.
2 Plant cells do not have plasma
membrane, unlike animal cells which do.
3 Mature plant cell has one large vacuole
whilst the animal cell has many small
vacuoles.
Select the correct answer using the code given
below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3
C
58Which of the following are the reasons/factors.
for exposure to benzene pollution?
1 Automobile exhaust
2 Tobacco smoke
3 Wood burning
4 Using varnished wooden furniture
5 Using products made of polyurethane
Select the correct answer using the code given
below
(a) 1,2 and 3 only
(b) 2 and 4 only
1,3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
D
59If another global financial crisis happens in
the near future, which of the following
actions/policies are most likely to give some
immunity to India?
1 Not depending on short-term foreign
borrowings
2 Opening up to more foreign banks
3 Maintaining full capital convertibility account
Select the correct answer using the code given below
(a) 1only
(b) 1 and 2 only
3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3
A
60If you withdraw F1,00,000 in cash from your
Demand Deposit Account at your bank, the
immediate effect on aggregate money supply
in the economy will be
(a) to reduce it by 7 1,0,000
(b) to increase it by 1,00,000
(c) to increase it by more than F 1,00,000
(d) to leave it unchanged
D
61With reference to the cultural history of India,
which one of the following is the correct
description of the term paramitas’ ?
(a) The earliest Dharmashastra texts
written in aphoristic (sutra) style
(b) Philosophical schools that did not accept
the authority of Vedas
(c) Perfections whose attainment led to the
Bodhisattva path
(d) Powerful merchant guilds of early
medieval South India
C
62In the context of Indian history, the Rakhmabai case of 1884 revolved around
1 Women’s right to gain an education
2 age of consent
3 restitution of conjugal rights
Select the correct answer using the code given
below
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d 1,2 and 3.
D
63Indigo cultivation in India declined by the beginning of the 20th century because of
(a) peasant resistance to the oppressive conduct of planters
(b) its unprofitability in the world market because of new inventions
(c) national leaders’ opposition to the cultivation of indigo
(d) Government control over the planters
B
64Wellesley established the Fort William
College at Calcutta’ because
(a) he was asked by the Board of Directors
at London to do so
(b) he wanted to rèvive interest in oriental
learning in India
(c) he wanted to provide William Carey and
his associates with employment
(d) he wanted to train British civilians for
administrative purpose in India
D
65With reference to the history of India,
Ulgulan or the Great Tumult is the
description of which of the following events?
(a) The Revolt of 1857
(b) The Mappila Rebellion of 1921
(c) The Indigo Revolt of 1859- 60
(d) Birsa Munda’s Revolt of 1899 1900
D
66With reference to the scholars/litterateurs of
ancient India, consider the following
statements:
1 Panini is associated with Pushyamitra
Shunga.
2 Amarasimha associated with
Harshavardhana. .
3 Kalidasa is associated with Chandra
Gupta-II.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only,
(d) 1, 2 and 3
D
67the context of recent advances in human
reproductive technology, “Pronuclear
Transfer” is used for
(a) fertilization of egg in vitro by the donor
sperm
(b) genetic modification of sperm-producing
cells
(c) development of stem cells into
functional embryos
(d) prevention of mitochondrial diseases in
offspring
D
68 With the present state of development,
Artificial Intelligence can effectively do which
of the following?
1 Bring down electricity consumption in
industrial units
2 Create meaningful short stories, and
Songs
3 Disease diagnosis
4 Text-to-Speech Conversion
5 Wireless transmission of electrical energy
Select the correct answer using the code given
below:
(a) 1, 2,3 and6only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2,4 d5 on
(d) 1,2, 3, 4 and 5
D
69With reference to Visible Light
Communication (VL0) technology, which of
the following statements are correct?
1 VLC. uses electromagnetic spectrum
wavelengths 375 to 780 nm.
2 VLC is known as long-range optical
wireless communication.
3 VLC can transmit large amounts of data
faster than Bluetooth.
4 VLC has no electromagnetic
interference.
Select the correct answer using the code given
below:
(a) 1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 1,2 and 4 only
c) 1,3 and 4only
(d) 2, 3 and 4 only
A
70With reference to “Blockchain Technology,
considerthe following statements:
1 It is a publie ledger that everyone can
inspect, but. which no single user
controls.
2 The structure and design of blockchain
is such that all the data in it are about
cryptocurrency only.
3 Applications that depend on basic
features of blockchain can be developed
without anybody’s permission.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2only
(d) T and 3 only
D
71With reference to consider the history of India, the following pairs:
1 Aurang — In-charge of treasury
of the State
2 Banian — Indian agent of the East
India Company
3 Mirasidar — Designated revenue
payer to the State
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3
B
72With reference to the religious history of India, consider the following statements:
1 Sthaviravadins belong to Mahayana
Buddhismn.
2 Lokottaravadin sect was an offshoot of|
Mahasanghika sect of Buddhism,
3 The deification of Buddha by
Mahasanghikas fostered the Mahayana
Buddhism.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
D
73Which of the following explains statements correctly the impact of Industrial Revolution on India during the first half of the nineteenth century?
(a) Indian handicrafts were ruined.
(b) Machines were introduced in the Indian textile industry in large numbers.
(c) Railway lines were laid in many parts of the country.
(d) Heavy duties were imposed on the imports of British manufactures.
C
743Consider the following events in the history of India:
1 Rise ofPratiharas under King Bhoja
2 Establishment of Pallava power under Mahendravarman-I
3 Establishment of Chola power by Parantaka – I
4 Pala dynasty founded by Gopala
What is the correct chronological order of the above events, starting from the earliest time?
(a) 2-1-4-3
(b) 3-1-4-2
(c) 2-4-1-3.
(d) 3-4-1-2
C
75Which of the following phrases defines the
nature of the Hundi’ generally referred to in
the sources of the post-Harsha period ?
(a) An advisory issued by the king to his
subordinates
(b) A diary to be maintained for daily
accounts
(c) A bill of exchange
(d) An order from the feudal 1lord to his
subordinates
C
76With reference to the book “Desher Katha”7E
written by Sakharam Ganesh Deuskar during
the freedom struggle, consider the following |
statements
1 It warned against the Colonial State’s
hypnotic conquest of the mind.
2 It inspired the performance of swadeshi
street plays and folk songs.
3 The use of ‘desh’ by Deuskar was in the
the specific context of the region of Bengal..
Which of the statements given above are
correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3
D
77The Gandhi-Irwin Pact included which of the following ?
1 Invitation to Congress to participate in the Round | Table Conference
2 Withdrawal of Ordinances promulgated
in connection with the Civil
Disobedience Movement
3 Acceptance ofGandhijï’s suggestion for
enquiry into police excesses
4. Release of only those prisoners who
were not charged with violence
Select the correct answer using the code given
below
(a) 1 only
(6) 1,2 and 4 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 2,3 and4 only
D
78The Vital-Vidhvansak, the first monthly
journal to have the untouchable people as its
target audience was published by
(a) Gopal Baba Walangkar
(b) Jyotiba Phule
(c) Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
(d) Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar
A
79With reference to the history of India, the
terms “kulyavapa” and “dronavapa” denote
a) measurement of land
(b) coins of different monetary value
(c) classification of urban land
(d) religious rituals
A
80Who among the following rulers advised his
subjects through this inscription ?
Whosoever praises his religious sect or
blames other sects out of excessive devotion to
his own sect, with the view of glorifying his
own sect, he rather injures his own sect very
severely.”
(a) Ashoka
(b) Samudragupta
(c) Harshavardhana
(d) Krishnadeva Raya
A
81A Parliamentary System of Government is
one in which
(a) all political parties in the Parliament
are represented in the Government
(b) the Government is responsible to the
Parliament and can be removed by it
C) the Government is clected by the people
and can be removed by them
(d) the Government is chosen by the
Parliament but cannot be removed by it
before completion of a fixed term
B
82Which part of the Constitution of India
declares the ideal of Welfare State ?
(a) Directive Principles of State Policy
(b) Fundamental Rights
(c) Preamble
(d) Seventh Schedule
C
83Consider the following statements
1 The Constitution of India defines its
basic structure’ in terms of federalism,
secularism, fundamental rights and
democracy.
2 The Constitution of India provides for
judicial review’ to safeguard the
citizens’ liberties and to preserve the
ideals on which the Constitution is
based.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
B
84One common agreement between Gandhism
and Marxism is
(a) the final goal of a stateless society
(b) class struggle
(c) abolition of private property
(d) economic determinism
C
85In the context of India, which one of the
following is the characteristic appropriate for
bureaucracy?
(a) An agency for widening the scope of
parliamentary democracy
b) An agency for strengthening the
structure of federalism
(c)An agency for facilitating political
stability and economic growth
(d) An agency for the implementation of
public policy
D
86The Preamble to the Constitution of India is
(a) a part of the Constitution but has no
legal effect
(b) not a part of the Constitution and has
no legal effect either
(c)a part of the Constitution and has the
same legal effect as any other part
(d) a part of the Constitution but has no
legal effect independently of other parts
A
87“Gold Tranche” (Reserve Tranche) refers to
(a) a loan system of the World Bank
(b)one of the operations of a central Bank
(c) a credit system granted by WTO to its
members
(d) a credit system granted by the IMF to its
members
D
88With reference to the provisions contained in
Part IV of the Constitution of India, which of
the following statements is/are correct?
1 They shall be enforceable by courts.
2 They shall not be enforceable by an
court.
3 The principles laid down in this part are=
to influence the making of laws by the=
State.
Select the correct answer using the code give
below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2 and 3 only
D
89Consider the following statements:
1 According to the Constitution of India, a
person who is eligible to vote can be
made a minister in a State for six
months even if he/she is not a member
of the Legislature of that State.
2. According to the Representation of
People Act, 1951, a person convicted of a
criminal offence and sentenced to
imprisonment for five years
permanently
contesting an election even after his
release from prison.
disqualified from
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct ?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither l nor 2
A
90Consider the following statements:
1 The President of India can summon a
session of the Parliament at such place
as he/she thinks fit. .
2 The Constitution of India provides for
three sessions of the Parliament in a
year, but it is not mandatory to conduct
all three sessions.
3 There is no minimum number of days
that the Parliament is required to meet
in a year
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2 and 3 only
D
91Consider the following statements: 2
1 Aadhaar metadata cannot be stored for
more than three months.
2 State cannot enter into any contract
with private corporations for sharing of
Aadhaar data.
3 Aadhaar is mandatory for obtaining
insurance products.
4 Aadhaar is mandatory for getting
benefits funded out of the Consolidated
Fund of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are
correct?
(a) 1 and 4 only
(b) 2 and 4 only
(c) 3 only
(d)1, 2 and 3 only
B
92Rajya Sabha has. equal powers with Lok
Sabha in
(a) the matter of creating new All India
Services
(b) amending the Constitution
(c) the removal of the government
(d) making cut motions
B
93With reference to the funds under Members of
Parliament Local Area Development Scheme
CMPLADS), which of the following statements
are correct
1 MPLADS funds must be used to create
durable assets like physical
infrastruceture for health, education, etc.
2 A specified portion of each MP’s fund
must benefit SC/ST populations.
3 . MPLADS funds are sanctioned on
yearly basis and the unused funds
cannot be carried forward to the next
year.
4 The district authority must inspect at
least 10% of all works under
implementation every year.
Select the correct answer using the code given
below:
a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3 only
d)1,2and 4 only
B
94Which one of the following categories of
Fundamental Rights incorporates protection
against untóuchability as a form of
discrimination?.
(a) Right against Exploitation
(b) Right to Freedom
(c)Right to Constitutional Remedies
(d) Right to Equality
D
95In India, separation of judiciary from the
executive is enjoined by
(a) the Preamble of the Constitution
(b) a Directive Principle of State Policy
(c) the Seventh Schedule
(d) the conventional practice
B
96Along with the Budget, the Finance Minister
also places other documents before the
Parliament which include The Macro
Economic Framework Statement’. The
aforesaid document is presented because this
is mandated by
(a) Long standingg parliamentary
convention
(b) Article 112 and Article 110(1) of the
Constitution of India
(c) Article 113 ofthe Constitution of India
(d) Provisions of the Fiscal Responsibility
and Budget Management Act, 2003
D
97A constitutional government by definition is a
(a) government by legislature
(b) popular government
(c) multi-party government
(d) limited government
D
98Other than the Fundamental Rights, which of
the following parts of the Constitution of
India reflect/reflects the principles and
provisions of the Universal Declaration of|
Human Rights (1948)?
1 Preamble
2 Directive Principles of State Policy
3 Fundamental Duties
Select the correct answer using the code given |
below
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b). 2only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3
D
99In India, Legal Services Authorities provide
free legal services to which of the following
type of citizens?
1 Person with an annual income of less
than1,00,000
2 Transgender with an annual income of
less than 2,00,000
3 Member of Other Backward. Classes
(OBC) with an annual income of less
than 3,00,000 .
4 All Senior Citizens
Select the correct answer using the code given
below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
b) 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d)1 and 4 only
A
100Consider the following pairs:
International Subject agreement/set-up —– Subject
1. Alma-Ata Declaration —– Healthcare of the people
2. Hague Convention Declaration —– Biological and chemical weapons
3. Talanoa Dialogue —–Global climate change
4. Under Coalition —– Childrights
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly
matched ?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 4 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2,3 and 4 only
C
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